International adoptions fall by two-thirdsby Paola Battista - 2015.02.11
Between 2004 and 2013, the number fell by two-thirds throughout the world, passing from 42,194 to 15,188 adopted children. A decline of 80% in Norway, 79% in Spain, 67% in France, 36% in Canada and 17% in Italy. The French Institute of Demographic Studies (INED) just announced, by analyzing the reasons for such a decrease in arrivals. Among these, the study says, there isn't a decrease in demand from adoptive parents, but the lack of international offer. In fact, paradoxically this trend is linked with the improvement of living standards in low-income countries and the reduction in the number of adoptable orphans. Moreover, best contraception and the attenuation of the stigma associated with "illegitimate" births are causing a consequent reduction in the number of abandoned children. Finally, political and legal reasons are making harder the situation for couples expecting a child. That's the case of the most stringent requirements imposed by China to aspiring candidates and the moratorium on international adoptions decided by Romania, Bulgaria, Guatemala and Vietnam to monitor and eradicate the trafficking of children for illicit purposes. The result is a "shortage of adoptable children" that leaves the international circuit the so-called "children with special needs." Wich means that they are older than 5, with siblings and disabling diseases, concludes the INED.
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