Ill detainees in Italian prisons

by Roberta Lunghini - 2015.06.04

2/3 of inmates in Italian prisons have at least one disease. The most common are the infectious ones, affecting 48% of them. Followed by psychiatric disorders (32%), musculoskeletal diseases (17%), cardiovascular diseases (16%), metabolic (11%) and dermatological (10%) problems. The only good news is that the number of detainees with HIV is decreasing. In addition, more than 80% of the HIV positive prison population is under antiviral treatment with good efficacy. Over 73% of prisoners treated, in fact, demonstrated a viral load under 50 copies: an excellent result especially considering the environment where they live. These are some of the findings from a survey presented during the National Congress of the Italian Society of Penitentiary Medicine and Health (SIMSPe) for the protection of Italian prisoners’ health conditions (Cagliari, June 3-5, 2015).

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